2017年3月1日

【關於聖雄甘地的軼事】,真的或假的?

大豆在FB上面,看到了有人轉貼一篇關於甘地的有趣文章。




甘地有趣的一面-


當年甘地在倫敦大學讀法律系時,一位名叫彼得的白人教授,極端地討厭他。

有一天,當彼得教授在飯堂吃午餐時,甘地拿著他的盤子坐在他的䣓鄰。

教授說:
「甘地先生,你不了解 "一頭豬和一隻鳥是不會坐在一起吃東西的。"」

甘地以一個父母對一個粗魯無禮孩子的眼光看着他,然後平靜地答覆:
「你不用擔憂教授,我將會飛離開。」,跟著他坐到另一張桌子去了。

彼得憤怒得通面變紅,決定採取行動報仇。

第二天,他在班房裏發問:「甘地先生,如果你沿著街道步行時發現了一個包裹,
裡面有一袋智慧和另一袋金錢,你會拿哪一袋? 」

甘地豪不猶豫地回答了:「當然拿有金錢的那一袋!」

彼得教授語帶璣諷嘲笑著說:
「如果我是你的話,會拿那有智慧的一袋!」

甘地聳聳肩地回應:「每一個人都應該拿他沒有的東西!」

彼得教授完全沒有還擊之力,在盛怒之下,
他在甘地的試卷上寫著 "白癡",然後把它交回給甘地。

甘地拿到試卷後,坐回桌子上盡力克制及保持冷靜,
同時非常認真地思考著下一個動作。

數分鐘之後, 甘地走向教授,以一個有專嚴而又禮貌的語調回應:
「彼得教授,你在我的試卷上簽了名 , 但是你沒有給我評分!」
不要招惹智者!

這個版本是有英文版的,查到的文章如下


When Gandhi was studying law at the University College of London, a white professor, whose last name was Peters, disliked him intensely and always displayed prejudice and animosity towards him. Also, because Gandhi never lowered his head when addressing him, as he expected…. there were always “arguments” and confrontations.
One day, Mr Peters was having lunch at the dining room of the University, and Gandhi came along with his tray and sat next to the professor. The professor said, “Mr Gandhi, you do not understand. A pig and a bird do not sit together to eat.”
Gandhi looked at him as a parent would a rude child and calmly replied, “You do not worry professor. I’ll fly away,” and he went and sat at another table.
Mr Peters, reddened with rage, decided to take revenge on the next test paper, but Gandhi responded brilliantly to all questions. Mr Peters, unhappy and frustrated, asked him the following question. “Mr Gandhi, if you were walking down the street and found a package, and within was a bag of wisdom and another bag with a lot of money, which one would you take?”
Without hesitating, Gandhi responded, “The one with the money, of course.”
Mr Peters, smiling sarcastically said, “I, in your place, would have taken the wisdom, don’t you think?”
Gandhi shrugged indifferently and responded, “Each one takes what he doesn’t have.”
Mr Peters, by this time, was fit to be tied. So great was his anger that he wrote on Gandhi’s exam sheet the word “idiot” and gave it to Gandhi. Gandhi took the exam sheet and sat down at his desk trying very hard to remain calm while he contemplated his next move.
A few minutes later, Gandhi got up, went to the professor and said to him in a dignified but sarcastically polite tone, “Mr Peters, you signed the sheet, but you did not give me the grade.”


因為能力所限,我不知道還有沒有別的語言版本,不過看完這篇轉貼文章以後,我有幾個疑問

1、這是真的嗎
2、如果是真的,是誰說的?

關於第一天,大豆查了網上一些說法,維基百科上描述甘地的確在倫敦大學修習法律,但是他19歲時剛剛到倫敦念書,根據他的傳記他在大學時代對於用英語認真表達自己,並不是那麼有自信,而且甘地給我們一般人在教科書裡的印象是所謂的「不合作運動」,本文感覺起來不太符合他的個性,但是人是會變的,或許年輕時的甘地,真的「年輕氣盛」也說不定。

但是,關於第二個疑問,也就是這件事如果真實存在,究竟是誰說的,故事裡面只有兩個角色: 甘地與教授Peter,因為Peter受辱,所以這個故事顯然不是他說的,那麼會是甘地說的嗎?  很難想像甘地會在傳記裡或是演講中講這個故事,這個故事並沒有辦法彰顯他的智慧,而且講了有什麼幫助,我不知道。

因此,這篇文章應該是假的吧。